Print Finishing refers to the additional finishing techniques available to complete your job.

Lamination is the most common finishing technique applying a thin layer of plastic to paper or card sheets to enhance and protect the printed material from moisture, staining, smudges or tears. Common types of laminate are soft touch, gloss, matt and silk which makes it excellent for durability and enhances the vibrancy of the ink colours.

UV Varnish is a liquid coating that is applied to the surface of a sheet (available in Gloss, Matt and Silk finishes) which is then dried / cured under an ultra violet light. 

Collating - Arranging individual sheets into a sequence and correct order for your finished product 

Embossing/Debossing. An embossed pattern is raised against the background, while a debossed pattern is sunken into the surface of the material

Foil Blocking. A specialised process of applying metallic or pigment foil to paper or card, where a heated die is stamped onto the foil. This technique is superb to add elegance and distinction to a brand.

Binding is a term which describes gathering and fastening together separate sheets. Primarily used for the creation of books, brochures or leaflets. This could be saddle stitch, wire binding, perfect binding, ring or spiral binding and trimming. Cutting your printed material to its required size using crop marks

Die-Cutting – is where various shapes are cut out of the stock, and used to create packaging, greetings cards and folders. 

Understanding common print finishing techniques will assist you to make the right decision when it comes to printing your brochure, flyer, business card or poster.

Lithographic printing is a process using wet ink and printing plates, and is more cost effective and suitable for larger runs. However, there is a lot of cost and time involved in making the printing plates and time involved for preparing the ‘spare’ material that is required until all the plate images are processed and registered before the job can be run. However, once this is done the cost per copy will be cheaper than digital printing on longer printing runs. The turnaround time is longer with litho, usually a 5 working day average. This is because time has to be allowed for the ink to completely dry before finishing and longer run jobs have to be scheduled to run on the bigger litho presses. COLOURS ~ If you use specific colours for your brand [Pantone] and want all your business stationery to match specifically then litho printing is the best option.

Benefits include

Suitable for a wide range of surfaces including paper, card and plastics

The more you order the cheaper it gets as the cost decreases as the quantity increases

Ability to cope with long runs with out losing quality

Special inks available to keep your brand consistent with your – Pantone colours

Digital printing uses toners on a press and is more suitable and cost effective for shorter runs because there is less initial set up involved. Digital printing is what we call a four colour process reproduction method that uses electronic files (PDF artwork). Dots of colour are used to produce an image using toner or ink. Unlike litho printing no printing plates are required, there is less waste of chemicals and paper because there is no need to make-ready’ is not required. It is great for a quick turnaround as the job is produced in its finished format with no additional drying time required.

Benefits include

Its quick to set up so fast turn around of orders

Colours are bright, ideal for vibrant images on a vast range of materials

A much cheaper option for small volumes

Personalisation is easy as text and graphics can be changed on each item without stopping or slowing down the press

If you would like any advice and guidance please contact me on

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